Tokyo Cultural Heritage Map

Let's take a stroll around Medieval Tama region
Medieval Tama region Course

Riding on JR Ome line, we can see the rural views with a lot of green from the window. In this region, local power of MITA Clan who had ruled here from the Kamakura period to the Warring States period, remained several traces at temples or castles around here. Since they claimed to be a descendant of TAIRA-no-Masakado, several legends related to Masakado has been handed down too.

This route introduces the historic sites that make us to experience the atmosphere of the Medieval history in Ome, Hamura and Akishima. Let’s discover another charm of historical Tama area with Cultural properties abound in nature green.

Let's take a stroll around Medieval Tama region (Ome, Hamura, Akishima)

Tama-gawa River that flows from Okutama, forms an alluvial fan at Ome and a flatland from Ome to Hamura-Akishima. In ancient times, as Kokufu (provincial capital) was placed at Fuchu, Tosan-do Musashi-michi Street heading to Kokubunji City and Fuchu City was built in Musashi Province. After the decline of the Kokufu, it remained principal route from North Kanto region to Kamakura. It was also known as the route that NITTA Yoshisada proceeded when he defeated Kamakura Shogunate.

Although Ome is out of this main route, it had been one of the important districts in Musashi Province, owing to Kamakura-kaido Highway from Chichibu passing through Ome to Fuchu or Kamakura, and Kasumigawa River leading to Iruma. As Musashi Province was adjacent to Sagami Province where Kamakura was located, it was owned by senior vassals of the Kamakura Shogunate. After the Muromachi period, this province was controlled by Kanto Kubo (the official in charge of the Kanto region), Kanto Kanrei (a shogun deputy for the Kanto region), and local lords.

Ome, Hamura and Akishima were controled by MITA Clan, local lord from the Kamakura to the Warring States period. They were described in well-known historical chronicles such as “Azumakagami” or “Taiheiki”.
According to the inscription on a temple bell of Tennei-ji Temple which was made in 1521, MITA Clan claimed that they were a descendant of TAIRA-no-Masakado. Taira-no-Masakado (?-940), a grandchild of Tairano-Takamochi (Emperor Kanmu’s great grandchild), raised a rebellion against the Imperial Court in 939 and named himself as “New Emperor”.
He had influenced in ancient history of Musashi Province. Since MITA Clan had controlled Tama region near Kamakura and claimed a descendant of TAIRA-no-Masakado who was a person in power of Kanto region of ancient times, it is supposed that they were one of the powerful local lords of the region at that time.

MITA Clan had controlled middle and upper stream area of Tamagawa River. While Odawara HOJO Clan’s army had invaded to South Musashi Province, MITA Clan was defeated at Karakai Castle, in the north of Kaizen-ji Temple (1559). So memorial graves for them have been at Kaizen-ji Temple. Many temples and castles that we introduce in this tour had belonged to MITA Clan, and folklores about the relation between TAIRA-no-Masakado and them has been handed down to the present. Let's stroll around MITA Clan’s estate in the Medieval period and see legends of temples.

What is more, Ome-kaido Highway, Itsukaichi-kaido Highway and Nariki-kaido Highway were well arranged in the Edo period, and this area had been developed with the production of timber, Ina stone, coal and charcoal.
How about come and see relevant remains of wealthy farmer family's residences?

Walking Course Highlights / Ome city

  1. Aoume of Kongo-ji Temple
  2. Main Gate of Kongo-ji Temple
  1. Main Hall of Kannon-ji Temple
  2. Nio-mon Gate of Kannon-ji Temple
  3. Amida-do Hall of Kannon-ji Temple
  4. Wooden Statues of Standing Kongo Rikishi
  5. Wooden Statues of Twenty-eight Attendants of Senju Kannon
  6. Big Cedar Tree of Shiofune Kannon

Walking Course Highlights / Hamura city

  1. Main Hall of Aso-jinja Shrine
  2. Castanopsis of Aso-jinja Shrine

Walking Course Highlights / Akishima city

  1. Wooden Statues of Standing Kongo Rikishi
  2. Wisteria of Haijima
  3. Precincts of Dainichi-do Hall and Hiyoshi-jinja Shrine

Route Map

Brochure (PDF)

Tokyo Cultural Heritage Map

Would you like to go around cultural heritages? In Tokyo, there are various cultural heritages. This map helps you go around cultural heritages with efficiency during limited time in your trip. Japanese traditional temples and shrines, the cultural heritages concerned to most famous events and person in Japan and a lot of nature. This map introduces all of them widely! You must watch them and know the history and the culture of Tokyo!


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