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Minato city Course (Shirokane-Takanawa)

6 HANABUSA Itcho Haka (Grave of HANABUSA Itcho)

Historic Place of Tokyo
Designated temporary on February 5, 1924
Designated on March 28, 1955

Grave of HANABUSA Itcho

HANABUSA Itcho (the original surname was FUJIWARA, posthumous name was Yasuo) was born in 1652 at Kyoto, and he went to Edo to study painting under Kano Yasunobu, the official painter of the TOKUGAWA Shogunate. In those days he painted using pseudonym Taga Choko, at the same time he was active as haikai poets having a good relationship with MATSUO Basho and his leading disciple ENOMOTO Sokaku.

However, in 1698 he was exiled to Miyake-jima Island on certain charge. In this island, he made a living with painting for the islanders or clients of Edo. When he returned to Edo, having been pardoned by amnesty due to the death of the 5th Shogun TOKUGAWA Tsunayoshi, he named HANABUSA Itcho as pseudonym, and changed his sobriquet to Hokusoo. Since then he painted daily lives of Edo City and rose to fame as genre painter. He died on January 3rd in 1724.

At first, HANABUSA Itcho was buried at Kenjoin Temple, which was Tatchu (sub-temple) of Jokyo-ji Temple, but when this temple fell into disrepair, his tomb was moved to Jokyoji Temple. And in 1912, he was reburied to Ikegami Honmon-ji Temple.

The tomb of HANABUSA Itcho in Jokyo-ji Temple which was broken by the Ansei Great Earthquake (1855) was reproduced by son descendant HANABUSA Issei. On his gravestone, there are inscriptions of his name Hokusoo in front, his death poem in left side, and his date of death in right side and reason of reproduction in back.

HANABUSA Itcho's life as an exile


Kokuzo Bosatsu Zazo

In Miyake-jima Island, while Choko lived at Ako-mura Village as a grocer, and also he painted the Buddhist Paintings ordered by islanders for annual events: "Seated Kokuzo Bosatsu Image, colored on silk" (a tangible cultural property designated by Tokyo), or genre paintings ordered by clients of Edo City: "Shiki-himachizu (Waiting the Season's Sunrise, colored on paper)" (Important Cultural Property). But as he was in suffering from great need with everyday life, he wrote letters to his clients in Edo City, that although he was stimulated his creativity by scenic beauty, he couldn't paint without painting materials.

After coming back to Edo and changing the name to Itcho, he became popular as a genre painter.

Further, Itcho's works in the islands called "Shima Itcho" were prized, and most of them seemed to be purchased by merchants of Edo City. So a few works remains in islands: "Itae chakushoku Omori Hikoshichi zu (Image of Omori Hikoshichi, framed-finish, colored on wood)" in Mikurajima Island and "Kenpon Chakushoku Kokuzo Bosatsu Zazo (Figure of seated Kokuzo Bosatsu, scroll-finished, colored on silk)" in Niijima Island.

Opening Information

Open :
All year
Times :
Between sunrise and sunset
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